DSL expansion: Development is stalling in Germany
These should make the expansion among themselves and could count on numerous freedoms. As a result, the urban regions initially enjoyed the new and fast access. Because here the companies had the opportunity to reach a large number of new customers with little effort. On the other hand, the expansion was less lucrative in the country, which can be seen from a quick look at the status of the work there.
Research and politics agree if the great importance of the fast internet for the coming years is emphasized. Projects have been running for years that should enable fast DSL access throughout Germany. To date, however, it has still not penetrated the rural regions. Now science has to focus on the delays in current development that can no longer be dismissed out of hand.
But what reasons can be given for the fact that the fiber optic expansion is not going as it was desired by many sides? An important role can be attributed to the area of responsibility. Because instead of an authority that could direct the expansion, private companies were held responsible.
The own test helps:
Of course, consumers in Germany initially want a much higher level of transparency with regard to this topic. In the meantime it is possible on the Internet to inform yourself about the speed of the connection. A short free test is enough to be certain of the status. At the same time, it becomes clear whether a change of provider is worthwhile in order to be able to travel faster on the World Wide Web in the future . Here is the check , which can provide information about the situation as desired.
While almost all people in the cities already have access to fast connections, rural areas lag far behind. The East also has a disadvantage on its side. Overall, significantly lower sums were invested there, which can be seen very quickly by looking at the performance of the network.
With VDSL and vectoring at up to 250 Mbit / s on the Internet
There is a leap in speed for DSL customers if VDSL is available on site. A number of providers have been offering VDSL as part of the expansion of DSL for years, especially in larger cities, making surfing speeds of up to 50 Mbit / s possible.
The technology for DSL expansion is also controversial, since Telekom had asked the Federal Network Agency for exclusive vectoring expansion in the vicinity of around 8,000 main distributors nationwide. After the EU Commission also gave the green light, this application was approved despite fierce protests from competitors. The continued use of vectoring still causes conflicts; There is also intensive discussion about which technology should be preferred when promoting broadband expansion, especially for the so-called “last mile”.
With VDSL you can surf the web quite quickly, but turbo technology vectoring accelerates VDSL by reducing interference signals up to 100 Mbit / s. However, vectoring is only considered to be a bridge technology, since the existing copper lines are still used. glass fiberis placed as FTTC (Fiber to the Curb) only up to the junction boxes, the gray boxes on the roadside. The rest of the route from there to the connections of the end customers continues via the copper cable.
100 Mbit / s in Germany by 2020?
The federal government’s broadband strategy provides for the implementation of Internet connections with bandwidths of at least 100 Mbit / s in Germany by 2020. Until then there is still a lot to do. Broadband expansion is unlikely to go fast enough for many consumers. In mid-2018, such fast Internet access was only available for 17.3 percent of German households when needed. At the end of the same year, 50 Mbit / s was already bookable for 87.9 percent of households. There are big regional differences. While city-states like Hamburg, Bremen and Berlin are already well equipped with high-speed internet , some states like Saxony-Anhalt, Mecklenburg-West Pomerania and Brandenburg are still some way behind.
The faster successor: Super vectoring enables surfing at up to 250 Mbit / s
The providers already look beyond vectoring. Telekom wants to use new technical options to achieve higher bandwidths over the existing copper lines for as long as possible, but other market participants are also continuing to accelerate their DSL connections. With the vectoring successor Super-Vectoring – also called Profile 35b – bandwidths of up to 250 Mbit / s can be realized. The first super-vectoring offers were launched in summer 2018.
Gigabit speed with G.Fast
It should go even faster with the G.Fast technology, which also uses the existing copper cable. Surf speeds of 1 Gbit / s and more are conceivable. The catch: The range is relatively short at just a few hundred meters and the speed drops significantly after a short distance. That is why the technology is used in combination with glass fiber. In this case, the glass fiber is laid to the building and only bridged the last few meters. Vectoring is also used to reduce interference.
Disadvantage for structurally weak regions:
At the same time, science points out how important it is these days to get an overview of the importance of the fast Internet. DSL means not only in the private environment the possibility to use the Internet comfortably for leisure activities. Of course, it is pleasant if it is possible to stream a series in good quality over the World Wide Web in the evening. However, the requirements are more important from an economic perspective.
For every company, a good connection to the Internet is now a crucial criterion of the existing infrastructure. The choice of location also depends on where this requirement is met in each case. The bottom line is that there is a risk that structurally weak regions will have to accept the lack of DSL as an additional burden. With this limitation, they are no longer able to be attractive to companies. In itself, this means a gap in terms of taxpayers’ money. Important jobs are also lost and relocated to the metropolitan areas, which can provide this infrastructure.
The comparison within Europe also shows how big Germany is behind this topic. In the next few years, the main focus will be on creating new facts and becoming even more attractive for companies. An important economic advantage of the industrialized country otherwise threatens to be lost through this problem, which is so easy to solve and which could be tackled and solved with a much higher degree of efficiency in other countries.
Fiber optic connections via FTTH / B as a real future solution?
Telekom’s competitors, on the other hand, advocate real fiber optic connections via FTTH / B (Fiber to the home / building). With this expansion, fiber optic cables would be laid at least into the building, or even better, into the customer’s apartment. A nationwide fiber optic expansion in Germany, however, devours several billion euros. Nevertheless, fiber is likely to be the future-proof technology for the gigabit society. Several providers in Germany already offer bandwidths of 1 Gbit / s. In South Korea, which is very advanced in terms of fiber use, Internet tariffs with 10 Gbit / s are even offered.